Word Order in Russian

In short, there are no strict word order rules in Russian. However, a basic trend that I've noticed in neutral declarative statements is as follows:

subject/subject pronouns object pronouns adverbs negative element verb objects/prepositional objects

The inflectional nature of the Russian language indicates the grammatical relationships between nouns and verbs, not word order as in English. Therefore, word order rules in Russian are much more relaxed than in English or other Germanic and Romance languages; as a result, Russian speakers often deviate from the above word order. However, this is not done so randomly. Word order varies depending on the emphasis one wishes to convey. New information or information given special focus tends to appear at the end of the sentence, whereas in English this would tend to appear at the beginning of the sentence using what linguists refer to as clefting.

  • Subject and verb order is inverted with verbs that describe a process, state, existence, occurrence, natural event, and becoming.
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