Word Order In German
Initial Element Conjugated Verb Pronouns Nominative Noun Dative Noun Adverbials Accusative Noun Negatives: nicht, nie, kaum Manner Adverbials Complements Verb

Pronouns

  • The word order for pronouns is:
Nom. Acc. Dat.

Adverbials

Attitude Time Reason mit/ohne phrases Place Manner
modal particles when? trotz…, wegen…, expressing conditions, consequences, purpose, how? was the action carried out

Complements

  • Genitive Objects
  • Prepositional Objects
  • Phrases of place after verbs expressing position: bleiben, wohnen, sitzen, stehen, liegen, sich befinden, sich aufhalten.
  • Direction phrases after verbs of motion
  • Nominative noun phrases and adjectives after the verbs: sein, werden, bleiben, scheinen, & hei├čen.
  • The noun portion of phrasal verbs

=> If a noun of noun phrase is considered essential to the meaning of the verb, then it is considered a "complement".

For example,

Ich trinke gerne Bier. - I like to drink beer.

-> In this case, Bier would be a complement because it is essential to describing the activity in the sentence.

Ich trinke dieses Bier gerne. - I like drinking this beer.

-> In this case, this particular beer (dieses Bier) is not essential for qualifying the verb.

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